CHAPTER 1 – Introduction to the Fitness Profession

National Academy of Sports Medicine Code of Professional Conduct


Professionalism should be practiced during all client interactions. Use effective communication and ensure a safe environment. Maintain good hygiene and wear appropriate clothing. Always refer your clients to a doctor when unknown conditions arise.


Secure client documents and respect the confidentiality of your client conversations.

Legal and Ethical

Obey all laws associated with your training location. Keep truthful records and take responsibility for their accuracy.

Business Practice

Keep adequate liability insurance and practice truth in appropriate advertising. maintain accurate financial and client records to pay all due taxes for 4 years.  Don’t get sexually involved with your clients.

Scope of Practice

This table shown in the book discusses the guidelines for health and fitness professionals by displaying what a trainer should do if the client’s health is of high-risk.

What should not be done:

  • Counsel Clients
  • Diagnose Injuries or Conditions
  • Physical therapy or rehabilitation
  • Give detailed diets / meal plans

What should be done:

  • Coach Clients
  • Identify past injuries and limit your exercises for the injury
  • Recommend client to speak and get medical advice from physician
  • General Nutrition Knowledge and refer them to a dietitian or nutritionist for detailed diets