Chapter 10 – Balance Training Concepts

Compare to Figure 10.2 Effects of joint dysfunction

Joint dysfunction leads to an incorrect sensory input which leads to an incorrect motor response.

The incorrect motor response is what is called muscle inhibition; the muscle is inhibited by the nervous system.

This leads to joint injury due to improper movement patterns caused by the muscle inhibition.

Injuries lead to swelling and inflammation which further inhibits the muscle leading to

Altered proprioception



Compare to Table 10.1 Balance training parameters

Understanding the different training and program design parameters in balance training will lead to more effective training.

For Progression you can always start a client out with an easy exercise and if they master it move them to a harder exercise. Same goes for simple to complex, stable to unstable and slow to fast.

For Proprioception the difference in the surface upon which someone is standing can be progressed from a basic floor all the way to a Bosu ball.

Use all planes of motion and understand xenical generic that different body positions can lead to a more difficult exercise like going from two legs on a stable surface all the way to one leg on an unstable surface.



OPT Level (adaptation): Stabilization, Strength, or Power  &  Type of Exercise: Balance  &  Compare with Table 10.2 Balance training program design

Progressing someone based on the stages of the OPT Model is important to understand. Know the difference between each phase as far as exercise selection.

Stabilization: Exercises involve no bending of the planted leg or hip (One leg Balance on a foam pad) with 12-20 reps (6-10 SL) at a slow tempo with 0-90sec rest.

Strength: Exercise involve bending of the planted knee or hip (Unilateral squat or toe touch) with 8-12 reps at a moderate tempo with 0-60sec rest.

Power: Exercises involve a hop of the planted leg (Single leg box jump) with 8-12 reps at a moderate tempo with 0-1 min rest.